There are many methods that make up the therapeutic practice of applied behavior analysis. Some are more advanced than others, but several are rather easy and can be practiced on a daily basis. In the following article, we will discuss 5 methods that have proved popular with members of the autistic community.
What is Applied Behavior Analysis?
Applied Behavior Analysis is the process of applying interventions to specific people conditions and disabilities. The basis of applied behavior analysis derive from the principles of learning. At the long island applied behavior analysis center, we use this method with a variety of people, but mostly those who are autistic. This method applies learning and motivation techniques that are derived from decades of research on autistic people’s behaviors. For over thirty years, much of this research has shown that Applied Behavior Analysis is effective in a wide range of conditions such as learning disorders, mental illness, and developmental disabilities. The skills can be taught to anyone in a variety of settings such as homes, schools, institutions, and businesses. *treatment approaches grounded in ABA are now considered to be at the forefront of therapeutic and educational interventions for children with autism. Applied behavior analysis has proved to be effective for behaviors such as life skills, language, and academic.
How Does Applied Behavior Analysis Help Those with Autism?
The methods that are used in applied behavior analysis have proved to help people with autism in several ways.
- Increasing task abilities and social interactions
- Teaching new skills for academic or employment settings
- Retain already learned skills
- Completing school assignments
- Reduction of interfering behaviors
Popular Methods of Long Island Applied Behavior Analysis
The objective discipline of applied behavior analysis has proven effective for the autistic population of Long Island. Some of the techniques that are practiced at our facility are listed below.
1. Reliable Measurement
Reliable measurement refers to behaviors that are objectively defined. In order to accurately record an individual’s behavior, terms like anger, sadness, or tantrums are redefined in more tangible and specific terms. In other words, rather than measuring an autistic child’s behavior as “aggression”, it would instead be reported as “episodes of biting, scratching, or yelling.”
2. Discrete Trial Training
This strategy makes it possible for the individual to acquire more complex skills and abilities. This is performed by the teacher by first identifying the skill, so the learner can make the connection to what it is. For example, to teach the communication “I want to play”, the teacher will define the skill “play” by reinforcing the activities associated with the word. Gradually the learner will be able to complete these reinforced skills independently. This method of Long Island applied behavior analysis is considered very effective in teaching general motor, social, and daily living skills.
3. Discrete Trial Teaching
This is a technical term that simply means breaking a down a task more teachable categories. Each component of each task would be taught separately. For example, the teacher will give the learner a cue. If the learner responds correctly, they are rewarded. This method is repeated throughout the day. One of the fascinating traits of this method is that any skill can be broken down into sections in order for the individual’s weak areas can be identified and strengthened.
4. Teaching for Generalization
This method is usually taught in an environment that is free of distractions. The method identifies the need for behaviors to occur across all environments, independently, and spontaneously. Certain criteria will be set to include various setting and stimuli for the learner. The skill would not determined to be mastered until the individual proves that they have the ability to perform the skill in all environments without prompts.
When a behavior is identified and performed correctly, the teacher will provide a positive stimulus. This will strengthen the positive behavior over time. The reinforcement technique for each individual is likely to be very specific. Each individual should receive a reinforcer assessment that is reviewed regularly in order to reflect their changing preferences. A reinforcer should always be based on items and activities that are motivating to the learner.
At the Long Island applied behavior analysis center, we pride on doing the most effective treatments for people with a wide range of disabilities and those in need of long island speech therapy. When it comes to Long Island applied behavior analysis, we take pride in being dedicated, professional, and caring. If you have any questions about Long Island applied behavior analysis, feel free to call us anytime.